image008Jan Gryczynski
Founding Partner/Senior Research Scientist

Degrees: Ph.D., Public Policy, University of Maryland, Baltimore County
M.A., Applied Sociology, University of Maryland, Baltimore County
Email: jgrycz1@umbc.edu

Research Interests

Dr. Gryczynski’s research focuses on the intersection of medical care and behavioral health, particularly with respect to identifying approaches to service delivery that improve programmatic efficiencies as well as patients’ access, engagement, and outcomes.  Much of Dr. Gryczynski’s work has emphasized practical strategies for service improvement in vulnerable and underserved populations. Within this context, his research has focused on the development, application, and scientific evaluation of novel technologies and approaches in the healthcare and specialty substance use disorder service systems.

Selected Publications

Gryczynski, J., Schwartz, R. P., O’Grady, K. E., Restivo, L., Mitchell, S. G., & Jaffe, J. H. (in press). People with substance use disorders for illicit drugs other than alcohol or marijuana have elevated hospitalization rates. Health Affairs.

Mitchell, S.G., Schwartz, R.P., Kirk, A.S., Dusek, K., Oros, M., Hosler, C., Gryczynski, J., Barbosa, C., Dunlap, L., Lounsbury, D., O’Grady, K.E., Brown, B.S. (in press). SBIRT Implementation for Adolescents in Qualified Health Centers. J Subst Abuse Treat.

Monico, L., Schwartz, R. P., Gryczynski, J., O’Grady, K. E., & Mitchell, S. G. (in press). Two models of integrating buprenorphine treatment and medical staff within formerly “drug-free” outpatient programs. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.

Barbosa, C., Dunlap, L. J., Wedehase, B., Mitchell, S. G., Schwartz, R. P., Dusek, K., Kirk, A.S., Oros, M., Hosler, C., Gryczynski, J., Brown, B. S. (2015). Start-up costs of implementing Screening and Brief Intervention (SBI) for Adolescents (part of Economics of SBI symposium). Addiction science & clinical practice, 10(Suppl 2), O5.

Gryczynski, J., Kelly, S.M., Mitchell, S.G., Kirk, A., O’Grady, K.E., Schwartz, R.P. (2015). Validation and performance of the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) among adolescent primary care patients. Addiction. 110(2):240-7. doi: 10.1111/add.12767. Epub 2014 Nov 20. PMID: 25311148.

Gryczynski, J., Mitchell, S.G., Gonzales, A., Moseley, A., Peterson, T.R., Ondersma, S.J., O’Grady, K.E., Schwartz, R.P. (2015). A randomized trial of computerized vs. in-person brief intervention for illicit drug use in primary care: outcomes through 12 months. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 50, 3-10. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2014.09.002. Epub 2014 Sep 16. PMID: 25282578.

Gryczynski, J., Mitchell, S.G., Ondersma, S.J., O’Grady, K.E., Schwartz, R.P. (2015). Potential radiating effects of misusing substances among medical patients receiving brief intervention. J Subst Abuse Treat. 55:39-44. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2015.02.003. Epub 2015 Feb 23. PMID: 25812927.

Gryczynski, J., Nordeck, C., Mitchell, S. G., O’Grady, K. E., McNeely, J., Wu, L.-T., & Schwartz, R. P. (2015). Reference periods in retrospective behavioral self-report: A qualitative investigation. American Journal on Addictions, 24(8): 744-747.

Gryczynski, J., Schwartz, R. P., Mitchell, S. G., Dzirasa, L., Dusek, K., O’Grady, K., & Cowell, A. (2015). Preliminary research in preparation for a randomized trial of brief intervention strategies for adolescents in school-based health centers. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, 10(Suppl 2), O20. http://doi.org/10.1186/1940-0640-10-S2-O20.

Mitchell, S.G., Gryczynski, J., Schwartz, R.P., Myers, C.P., O’Grady, K.E., Olsen, Y.K., Jaffe, J.H. (2015). Changes in Quality of Life following Buprenorphine Treatment: Relationship with Treatment Retention and Illicit Opioid Use. J Psychoactive Drugs. 47(2):149-57. doi: 10.1080/02791072.2015.1014948.  PMID: 25950595. PMCID: PMC4425232.

Mitchell, S.G., Monico, L.B., Gryczynski, J., O’Grady, K.E., Schwartz, R.P. (2015). Staff Views of Acceptability and Appropriateness of a Computer-Delivered Brief Intervention for Moderate Drug and Alcohol Use. J Psychoactive Drugs. 47(4):301-7. doi: 10.1080/02791072.2015.1075631. Epub 2015 Sep 16. PMID: 26375411.

Monico, L.B., Gryczynski, J., Mitchell, S.G., Schwartz, R.P., O’Grady, K.E., Jaffe, J.H. (2015). Buprenorphine treatment and 12-step meeting attendance: conflicts, compatibilities, and patient outcomes. J Subst Abuse Treat.  57:89-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2015.05.005. Epub 2015 May 12. PMID: 25986647.

Monico, L.B., Mitchell, S.G., Gryczynski, J., Schwartz, R.P., O’Grady, K.E., Olsen, Y.K., Jaffe, J.H. (2015). Prior experience with non-prescribed buprenorphine: Role in treatment entry and retention. J Subst Abuse Treat. 57:57-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2015.04.010. Epub 2015 May 7. PMID: 25980599.

Schwartz, R.P., Kelly, S.M., Gryczynski, J., Mitchell, S.G., O’Grady, K.E., Jaffe, J.H. (2015). Heroin use, HIV-risk, and criminal behavior in Baltimore: Findings from Clinical Research. J Addict Dis. 34(2-3):151-61. doi: 10.1080/10550887.2015.1059222. PMID: 26079104.

Gryczynski, J., Mitchell, S.G., Jaffe, J. H., O’Grady K, E., Olsen Y. K., Schwartz R. P. (2014). Leaving buprenorphine treatment: patients’ reasons for cessation of care. J Subst Abuse Treat, 46(3):356-61. PubMed PMID: 24238714; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3947058.

Gryczynski, J., Schwartz, R. P., Mitchell, S.G., O’Grady, K. E., Ondersma, S. J. (2014). Hair drug testing results and self-reported drug use among primary care patients with moderate-risk illicit drug use. Drug Alcohol Depend. 141:44-50. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.05.001. Epub 2014 May 17. PMID: 24932945.

Kelly, S. M., Gryczynski, J., Mitchell, S. G., Kirk, A., O’Grady, K. E., Schwartz, R. P. (2014). Concordance between DSM-5 and DSM-IV nicotine, alcohol, and cannabis use disorder diagnoses among pediatric patients. Drug Alcohol Depend, 140:213-6. PubMed PMID: 24793367; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4070874.

Kelly, S. M., Gryczynski, J., Mitchell, S. G., Kirk, A., O’Grady, K. E., Schwartz, R. P. (2014). Validity of brief screening instrument for adolescent tobacco, alcohol, and drug use. Pediatrics, 133(5):819-26. PubMed PMID: 24753528; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4006430.

Mitchell, S. G., Gryczynski, J., Kelly, S. M., O’Grady, K. E., Jaffe, J. H., Olsen, Y. K., Schwartz, R. P. (2014). Treatment Outcomes of African American Buprenorphine Patients by Parole and Probation Status. J Drug Issues, 44(1):69-82. PMID:25364037. PMCID: PMC4214068.

Mitchell, S. G., Kelly, S. M., Gryczynski, J., Myers, C. P., O’Grady, K. E., Kirk, A. S., Schwartz, R. P . (2014). The CRAFFT Cut-Points and DSM-5 Criteria for Alcohol and Other Drugs: A Reevaluation and Reexamination. Subst Abus, 35(4):376-80. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2014.936992. PMID: 25036144.

Rothenberg, L.R., Doberman, D., Simon, L.E., Gryczynski, J., Cordts, G. (2014). Patients surviving six months in hospice care: who are they? J Palliat Med. 17(8):899-905. doi: 10.1089/jpm.2013.0512. Epub 2014 Jun 16. PMID: 24933676.

Schwartz, R. P., Alexandre, P. K., Kelly, S. M., O’Grady, K. E., Gryczynski, J., & Jaffe, J. H. (2014). Interim versus standard methadone treatment: A benefit-cost analysis. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 46: 306-314.  doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2013.10.003. Epub 2013 Oct 14.PMID:24239030.

Schwartz, R. P., Gryczynski, J., Mitchell, S. G., Gonzales, A., Moseley, A., Peterson, T. R., Ondersma, S. J., O’Grady, K. E. (2014). Computerized versus in-person brief intervention for drug misuse: a randomized clinical trial. Addiction, 109(7):1091-8. PubMed PMID: 24520906; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4086904.

Ward, B. W., Allen, A., & Gryczynski, J. (2014). Racial/ethnic differences in the relationship among cigarette use, religiosity, and social norms for U.S. adolescents. Journal of Ethnicity and Substance Abuse. doi: 10.1080/15332640.2014.958636.PMID:25397636.

Gryczynski, J., Jaffe, J.H., Schwartz, R.P., Dušek, K.A., Gugsa, N., Monroe, C. L., O’Grady, K. E., Olsen, Y. K., Mitchell, S. G. (2013). Patient perspectives on choosing buprenorphine over methadone in an urban, equal-access system. Am J Addict, 22(3):285-91.

Gryczynski, J., Mitchell, S. G., Jaffe, J. H., Kelly, S. M., Myers, C. P., O’Grady, K. E., Olsen, Y. K., Schwartz, R. P. (2013). Retention in methadone and buprenorphine treatment among African Americans. J Subst Abuse Treat, 45(3):287-92. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2013.02.008. Epub 2013 Apr 5. PMID: 23566446. PMCID: PMC3714350.

Mitchell, S. G., Gryczynski, J., O’Grady, K. E., & Schwartz, R. P. (2013). SBIRT for adolescent drug and alcohol use: current status and future directions. J Subst Abuse Treat, 44(5), 463-472. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2012.11.005. Epub 2013 Jan 24. Review. PMID: 23352110. PMCID: PMC3602212.

Mitchell, S. G., Gryczynski, J., Schwartz, R. P., O’Grady, K. E., Olsen, Y. K., & Jaffe, J. H. (2013). A randomized trial of intensive outpatient (IOP) vs. standard outpatient (OP) buprenorphine treatment for African Americans. Drug Alcohol Depend, 128(3), 222-229. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.08.027. Epub 2012 Sep 20. PMCID: PMC3561484. PMID: 22999817.

Schwartz, R. P, Gryczynski, J., O’Grady, K. E., Sharfstein, J. M., Warren, G., Olsen, Y., Mitchell, S. G., Jaffe, J.H. (2013). Opioid agonist treatments and heroin overdose deaths in Baltimore, Maryland, 1995-2009. Am J Public Health, 103(5):917-22. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.301049. Epub 2013 Mar 14. PMID: 23488511. PMCID: PMC3670653.

Schwartz, R. P., Gryczynski, J., O’Grady, K.E., Sharfstein, J. M., Warren, G., Olsen, Y. K., Mitchell, S. G, Jaffe, J. H. (2013) Schwartz et al. respond. Am J Public Health. 2013 103(8):e2-3.Epub 2013 Jun 13. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301428. Epub 2013 Jun 13. PMID: 23763406. PMCID: PMC4007877.

Serpelloni, G., Gomma, M., Genetti, B., Zermiani, M., Rimondo, C., Mollica, R., Gryczynski, J., O’Grady, K. E., Schwartz, R. P. (2013). Italy’s electronic health record system for opioid agonist treatment.J Subst Abuse Treat, 45(2):190-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2013.02.001. Epub 2013 Mar 19. PMID: 23518287. PMCID: PMC3690466.

Caldwell, D., & Gryczynski, J. (2012). Computerized assessment facilitates disclosure of sensitive HIV risk behaviors among African Americans entering substance abuse treatment. American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 38(4): 365-369. doi: 10.3109/00952990.2012.673663. Epub 2012 Apr 17. PMID: 22506839.

Gonzales, A., Westerberg, V. S., Peterson, T. R., Moseley, A., Gryczynski, J., Mitchell, S. G., Buff, G., & Schwartz, R. P. (2012). Implementing a state-wide SBIRT service in rural health settings: New Mexico SBIRT. Substance Abuse, 33: 114-123. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2011.640215. PMID: 22489583. PMCID: PMC3325793.

Gryczynski, J., Kinlock, T. W., Kelly, S. M., O’Grady, K. E., Gordon, M. S., & Schwartz, R. P. (2012). Opioid agonist maintenance for probationers: Patient-level predictors of treatment retention, drug use, and crime. Substance Abuse, 33: 30-39. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2011.616816. PMID: 22263711.

Gryczynski, J., & Ward, B. (2012). Religiosity, heavy alcohol use, and vicarious learning networks among adolescents in the United States. Health Education & Behavior, 39(3): 341-351. doi: 10.1177/1090198111417623. Epub 2011 Oct 10. PMID: 21986246.

Mitchell, S. G., Gryczynski, J., Gonzales, A., Moseley, A., Peterson, T. R., O’Grady, K. E., & Schwartz, R. P. (2012). Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) for substance use in a school-based program: Services and outcomes. American Journal on Addictions, 21: S5-S13. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2012.00299.x. PMID: 23786511. PMCID: PMC3703893.

Mitchell, S. G., Kelly, S. M., Gryczynski, J., Myers, C. P., Jaffe, J. H., Olsen, Y. K., & Schwartz, R. P. (2012). African-American patients seeking treatment in the public sector: Characteristics of buprenorphine v. methadone patients. Drug & Alcohol Dependence, 122 (1-2): 55-60. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.09.009. Epub 2011 Sep 29. PMID: 21962726. PMCID: PMC3251709.

Wiechelt, S. A., Gryczynski, J., Johnson, J. L., & Caldwell, D. (2012). Historical trauma among urban American Indians: Impact on substance abuse and family cohesion. Journal of Loss & Trauma, 17: 319-336.

Gryczynski, J., & Johnson, J. (2011). Special issue on Native Americans and substance use. Substance Use & Misuse, 46(11): 1359-1362. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2011.592426. PMID: 21810070.

Gryczynski, J., & Johnson, J. (2011). Challenges in public health research with American Indians and other small ethnocultural minority groups. Substance Use & Misuse, 46(11): 1363-1371. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2011.592427. Review. PMID: 21810071.

Gryczynski, J., Mitchell, S. G., Peterson, T., Gonzales, A., Moseley, A., & Schwartz, R. P. (2011). The relationship between services delivered and substance use outcomes in New Mexico’s Screening, Brief Intervention, Referral and Treatment (SBIRT) Initiative. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 118(2): 152-157.

Gryczynski, J., Schwartz, R. P., Salkever, D., Mitchell, S. G., & Jaffe, J. H. (2011). Patterns in admission delays to outpatient methadone treatment in the United States. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 41: 431-439. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2011.06.005. Epub 2011 Aug 6. PMID: 21821378. PMCID: PMC3205308.

Gryczynski, J., & Ward, B.W. (2011). Social norms and the relationship between religiosity and cigarette use among adolescents in the United States. Health Education & Behavior, 38(1): 39-48. doi: 10.1177/1090198110372331. Epub 2010 Dec 28. PMID: 21189421.

Johnson, J. L., Gryczynski, J., & Moe, J. (2011). Treatment issues and interventions with young children and their substance-abusing parents. In (Straussner, S. L. A., & Fewell, C. H., Eds.) Children of substance abusing parents: Dynamics and treatment (pp. 101-125). New York: Springer.

Wiechelt, S. A., & Gryczynski, J. (2011). Cultural and historical trauma among Native Americans. In (Ringel, S., & Brandell, J. R., Eds.) Trauma: Contemporary Directions in Theory, Practice, and Research (pp. 191-222).Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Gryczynski, J., Feldman, R., Carter-Pokras, O., Kanamori, M., Chen, L., & Roth, S. (2010). Contexts of tobacco use and perspectives on smoking cessation among a sample of urban American Indians. Journal of Health Care for the Poor & Underserved, 21: 544-558. doi: 10.1353/hpu.0.0276. PMID: 20453355.

Johnson, J. L., Baldwin, J., Gryczynski, J., Wiechelt, S. A., & Haring, R. C. (2010). The Native American experience: From displacement and cultural trauma to resilience. In (McCubbin, H., Ontai, K., Kehl, L., et al., Eds.). Multiethnicity and Multiethnic Families: Development, Identity, and Resilience (pp. 277-301).Honolulu, HI: Le’A Publications.

Gryczynski, J., Schwartz, R. P., O’Grady, K., & Jaffe, J. H. (2009). Dropout from interim methadone and subsequent comprehensive methadone maintenance. American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 35(6): 394-398.

Gryczynski, J., Schwartz, R. P., O’Grady, K., & Jaffe, J. H. (2009). Treatment entry among individuals on a waiting list for methadone maintenance. American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 35(5): 290-294. doi: 10.1080/00952990902968577. PMID: 19579092. PMCID: PMC2916645.

Ward, B., & Gryczynski, J. (2009). Social learning theory and the effects of living arrangement on heavy alcohol use: Results from a national study of college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol & Drugs, 70: 364-372. PMID: 19371487.

Wiechelt, S.A., Gryczynski, J., & Johnson, J.L. (2009). Designing HIV preventative interventions for urban American Indians: Evolution of ‘The Don’t Forget Us’ program. Health & Social Work, 34(4): 301-304. PMID: 19927479.

Marsella, A., Johnson, J., Watson, P., & Gryczynski, J., Eds. (2008). Ethnocultural Perspectives on Disaster and Trauma: Foundations, Issues, and Applications. New York, Springer.

Gryczynski, J., Johnson, J. L., & Coyhis, D. (2007). The healing forest metaphor revisited: The seen and unseen world of substance use. Substance Use and Misuse, 42(2-3), 475-484. PMID: 17558945.

Johnson, J. L., Gryczynski, J., & Wiechelt, S. (2007). HIV/AIDS, substance abuse, and hepatitis prevention needs of Native Americans living in Baltimore: In their own words. AIDS Education & Prevention, 19(6), 531-544. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2007.19.6.531. PMID: 18190277.

Ward, B., & Gryczynski, J. (2007). Alcohol use and participation in organized recreational sports among university undergraduates. Journal of American College Health 56(3), 273-280. PMID: 18089509.